当前位置:新注册送38元体验金 > 开户送38体验金不限id数据库 > 1197多行事务要求更大的max_binlog_cache_size处理与优

1197多行事务要求更大的max_binlog_cache_size处理与优

文章作者:开户送38体验金不限id数据库 上传时间:2019-08-22

1197多语句事务要求更大的max_binlog_1197多行事务要求更大的max_binlog_cache_size处理与优化。cache_size报错

  binlog_cache_size:为每个session 分配的内存,在事务过程中用来存储二进制日志的缓存,提高记录bin-log的效率。没有什么大事务,dml也不是很频繁的情况下可以设置小一点,如果事务大而且多,dml操作也频繁,则可以适当的调大一点。

max_binlog_cache_size设置的参考标准

  Binlog_cache_disk_use表示因为我们binlog_cache_size设计的内存不足导致缓存二进制日志用到了临时文件的次数;Binlog_cache_use 表示用binlog_cache_size缓存的次数,当对应的Binlog_cache_disk_use 值比较大的时候 我们可以考虑适当的调高 binlog_cache_size 对应的值

【故障情景】

  通过脚本以load的方式导入数据时,出现多行事务需要的max_binlog_cache_size空间不足。该数据文件HAOHUAN.txt只包含以逗号分隔的500万行左右的数据,每行四列,文件大小为270M。

1 [root@172-16-3-190 shells]# bash  x load_data_into.sh 
2                 文件的总数为:1 
3                 文件名为:/tmp/load/HAOHUAN.txt 
4 当前正在处理的文件是:/tmp/load/HAOHUAN.txt
5 load data infile '/tmp/load/HAOHUAN.txt' into table practice.temp_baofoo_unbind fields terminated by ',' lines terminated by 'n' (merchant_no,bank_code,bank_card,protocol_no)
6 Warning: Using a password on the command line interface can be insecure.
7 ERROR 1197 (HY000) at line 1: Multi-statement transaction required more than 'max_binlog_cache_size' bytes of storage; increase this mysqld variable and try again

【故障排查】

  查看max_binlog_cache_size的大小,发现数据文件的大小确实较max_binlog_cache_size的值要小,如果max_binlog_开户送38体验金不限id,cache_size的大小不足以存放事务的binlog,那么会临时使用磁盘临时文件来存放binlog,通过查看Binlog_cache_disk_use发现使用临时文件存放的次数为1。因此增大max_binlog_cache_size的值到300M,再次执行脚本发现还是报相同的错误。且使用临时文件的次数为2,使用临时文件的存放binlog的总次数也相应由15增加到了16次。

 1 mysql> show global variables like '%binlog_cache%';
 2  ----------------------- ----------- 
 3 | Variable_name | Value |
 4  ----------------------- ----------- 
 5 | binlog_cache_size | 16777216 |
 6 | max_binlog_cache_size | 268435456 |
 7  ----------------------- ----------- 
 8 2 rows in set (0.00 sec)
 9 
10 mysql> show global status like '%binlog_cache%';
11  ----------------------- ------- 
12 | Variable_name | Value |
13  ----------------------- ------- 
14 | Binlog_cache_disk_use | 1 |
15 | Binlog_cache_use | 15 |
16  ----------------------- ------- 
17 2 rows in set (0.00 sec)
18 
19 mysql> set @@global.max_binlog_cache_size=300000000;
20 Query OK, 0 rows affected, 1 warning (0.00 sec)
21 
22 [root@172-16-3-190 shells]# bash  x load_data_into.sh          
23                 文件的总数为:1 
24                 文件名为:/tmp/load/HAOHUAN.txt 
25 当前正在处理的文件是:/tmp/load/HAOHUAN.txt
26 load data infile '/tmp/load/HAOHUAN.txt' into table practice.temp_baofoo_unbind fields terminated by ',' lines terminated by 'n' (merchant_no,bank_code,bank_card,protocol_no)
27 Warning: Using a password on the command line interface can be insecure.
28 ERROR 1197 (HY000) at line 1: Multi-statement transaction required more than 'max_binlog_cache_size' bytes of storage; increase this mysqld variable and try again
29 
30 mysql> show global status like '%binlog_cache%';         
31  ----------------------- ------- 
32 | Variable_name | Value |
33  ----------------------- ------- 
34 | Binlog_cache_disk_use | 2 |
35 | Binlog_cache_use | 16 |
36  ----------------------- ------- 
37 2 rows in set (0.00 sec)

无奈直接增加max_binlog_cache_size的值到500M时问题才解决(后经test实际给到400M也可以load成功),但是slave上的值没有及时改动,因而SQL同步线程报错,stop同步线程,同master一样的更改后,同步才算正常

 1 mysql> set @@global.max_binlog_cache_size=500000000;
 2 Query OK, 0 rows affected, 1 warning (0.00 sec)
 3 
 4 mysql> show slave status G;
 5 *************************** 1. row ***************************
 6                Slave_IO_State: Waiting for master to send event
 7                   Master_Host: 172.16.3.190
 8                   Master_User: repl
 9                   Master_Port: 3309
10                 Connect_Retry: 30
11               Master_Log_File: binlog.000018
12           Read_Master_Log_Pos: 120
13                Relay_Log_File: relay_bin.000006
14                 Relay_Log_Pos: 6973
15         Relay_Master_Log_File: binlog.000017
16              Slave_IO_Running: Yes
17             Slave_SQL_Running: Yes
18               Replicate_Do_DB: 
19           Replicate_Ignore_DB: 
20            Replicate_Do_Table: 
21        Replicate_Ignore_Table: 
22       Replicate_Wild_Do_Table: 
23   Replicate_Wild_Ignore_Table: 
24                    Last_Errno: 1197
25                    Last_Error: Could not execute Write_rows event on table practice.temp_baofoo_unbind; Multi-statement transaction required more than 'max_binlog_cache_size' bytes of storage; increase this mysqld variable and try again, Error_code: 1197; Writing one row to the row-based binary log failed, Error_code: 1534; handler error HA_ERR_RBR_LOGGING_FAILED; the event's master log binlog.000017, end_log_pos 268602107
26                  Skip_Counter: 0
27           Exec_Master_Log_Pos: 11408
28               Relay_Log_Space: 333526981
29               Until_Condition: None
30                Until_Log_File: 
31                 Until_Log_Pos: 0
32            Master_SSL_Allowed: No
33            Master_SSL_CA_File: 
34            Master_SSL_CA_Path: 
35               Master_SSL_Cert: 
36             Master_SSL_Cipher: 
37                Master_SSL_Key: 
38         Seconds_Behind_Master: 208
39 Master_SSL_Verify_Server_Cert: No
40                 Last_IO_Errno: 0
41                 Last_IO_Error: 
42                Last_SQL_Errno: 1197
43                Last_SQL_Error: Could not execute Write_rows event on table practice.temp_baofoo_unbind; Multi-statement transaction required more than 'max_binlog_cache_size' bytes of storage; increase this mysqld variable and try again, Error_code: 1197; Writing one row to the row-based binary log failed, Error_code: 1534; handler error HA_ERR_RBR_LOGGING_FAILED; the event's master log binlog.000017, end_log_pos 268602107
44   Replicate_Ignore_Server_Ids: 
45              Master_Server_Id: 1903309
46                   Master_UUID: 1b589d80-f450-11e7-9150-525400f4ecb2
47              Master_Info_File: /opt/app/mysql_3309/logs/master.info
48                     SQL_Delay: 0
49           SQL_Remaining_Delay: NULL
50       Slave_SQL_Running_State: Reading event from the relay log
51            Master_Retry_Count: 86400
52                   Master_Bind: 
53       Last_IO_Error_Timestamp: 
54      Last_SQL_Error_Timestamp: 180803 17:39:08
55                Master_SSL_Crl: 
56            Master_SSL_Crlpath: 
57            Retrieved_Gtid_Set: 
58             Executed_Gtid_Set: 
59                 Auto_Position: 0
60 1 row in set (0.00 sec)
61 
62 mysql> stop slave;
63 Query OK, 0 rows affected (1 min 10.64 sec)

【故障总结】

  max_binlog_cache_size参数时动态参数,该值的设置可以参考binlog_cache_use的大小来相应增加。load导入或者delete数据的大小必须要大于max_binlog_cache_size的值,多行事务才能成功执行。该参数值修改后,注意要与配置文件中的值大小一致。

本文由新注册送38元体验金发布于开户送38体验金不限id数据库,转载请注明出处:1197多行事务要求更大的max_binlog_cache_size处理与优

关键词: